Scrovegni Chapel, Padua
|Artist:|| GIOTTO di Bondone
|Location:|| San Francesco, Assisi
|Notes:|| Scenes from the New Testament
|Subject:||The Descent of the Spirit|
Pentecost – Duccio di Buoninsegna (1308) Tempera on wood
Museo dell’Opera del Duomo, Siena
Spiritus Dómini replévit orbem terrárum, et hoc quod continet ómnia sciéntiam habet vocis, Alleluia.
The Spirit of the Lord fills the whole world, and holds all things together and knows every word spoken by man, Alleluia.
(Wisdom 1:7 – Entrance Antiphon for Mass for Pentecost. )
| Descent of the Holy Spirit
|Artist:|| ANDREA da Firenze
|Location:||Santa Maria Novella, Florence|
Vicente Juan Macip, called Juan de Juanes
Spanish, c. 1510–d. 1579
Oil on panel
PROVENANCE: Tupper Collection; Sold at Christie’s, June 14, 1875; Sir Gilbert Lewis, London; F. Kleinberger & Co., 1954; BJU, 1954.
Juan de Juanes studied the Italian masters, especially Raphael. Though Spanish-born, he settled in Valencia, Italy, where he built his career by painting religious works.
In this scene, the Holy Spirit indwells the disciples while tongues of fire hover symbolically over their heads (Acts 2:1-4). De Juanes’ balanced composition derives from High Renaissance art, yet the colors and various poses seem more Mannerist in style. The artist repeats facial types, changing only the hair to create different characters. This device, typical of de Juanes’ paintings, reflects his probable dependence on cartoon sketchbooks rather than on actual models.
This Pentecost is the finest example of this artist’s work in the country.
El Greco, The Pentecost (1596-1600), Oil on canvas, 275 x 127 cm, Museo del Prado, Madrid.