c. 1305
Scrovegni Chapel, Padua

Artwork: Pentecost
Artist: GIOTTO di Bondone
Date: 1290s
Technique: Fresco
Location: San Francesco, Assisi
Notes: Scenes from the New Testament
Subject: The Descent of the Spirit

Pentecost – Duccio di Buoninsegna (1308) Tempera on wood
Museo dell’Opera del Duomo, Siena

Spiritus Dómini replévit orbem terrárum, et hoc quod continet ómnia sciéntiam habet vocis, Alleluia.

The Spirit of the Lord fills the whole world, and holds all things together and knows every word spoken by man, Alleluia.

(Wisdom 1:7 – Entrance Antiphon for Mass for Pentecost. )


The image “” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors.


Descent of the Holy Spirit
Artist: ANDREA da Firenze
Date: 1365-68
Technique: Fresco
Location: Santa Maria Novella, Florence


image/Altar.jpg, 129,5K


Westfälischer Altar
ca. 1370/80


Vicente Juan Macip, called Juan de Juanes
Spanish, c. 1510–d. 1579
Oil on panel

PROVENANCE: Tupper Collection; Sold at Christie’s, June 14, 1875; Sir Gilbert Lewis, London; F. Kleinberger & Co., 1954; BJU, 1954.

Juan de Juanes studied the Italian masters, especially Raphael. Though Spanish-born, he settled in Valencia, Italy, where he built his career by painting religious works.

In this scene, the Holy Spirit indwells the disciples while tongues of fire hover symbolically over their heads (Acts 2:1-4). De Juanes’ balanced composition derives from High Renaissance art, yet the colors and various poses seem more Mannerist in style. The artist repeats facial types, changing only the hair to create different characters. This device, typical of de Juanes’ paintings, reflects his probable dependence on cartoon sketchbooks rather than on actual models.

This Pentecost is the finest example of this artist’s work in the country.

El Greco, The Pentecost (1596-1600), Oil on canvas, 275 x 127 cm, Museo del Prado, Madrid.